Human Activities

 

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With archaeological findings, Cheung Chau has been a fishing station for over 2500 years. About 400 to 500 years ago, the first large settlement was set up, mostly by Hoklo fishermen. Since 1949, many refugee fishermen from Mainland China have settled there. The fishing junks are harboured in the sheltered bay west of the spit.

Before World War II, Cheung Chan was a fishing village. The majority of the fishing folks were under the control of money lenders, through the function of the local fish marketers. Under this system, all harvest had to be sold only by local fish marketers. After the war, fishing boats became motorized and with the coming of the Fish Marketing Organization, the function of the local fish marketer gradually declined and finally disappeared.

With little flatland, farming activities were never in large scale. By 1990's, land that was used for vegetable-growing and pig rearing is mostly either abandoned or changed to other uses.

Industrial activities are small-scaled, mainly for servicing of fishing fleet along water frontages. Other industries include food preservation and tombstone engraving.

The tourist industry is expanding. Tung Wan (東灣) which possesses a beautiful beach, is a popular place for water sports. There are usually over thousands of tourists visiting Cheung Chau during weekends and public holidays. Besides water sports, people are also attracted by the historical and geographical features found all over the island.

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